Convergence of Police History from a Comparative Analysis among Different Countries: Lessons for Bangladesh

Md. Bashir Uddin Khan, Sadia Afrin


Comparative study on the historical development of police is a good way to know the evolvement of different policing systems of the world. Thus, analyzing various policing systems of the world can aid the researchers and professionals to apprehend different facets of such systematic development of police forces. In this article, a comparative historical context has been extracted to apprehend the similarities and dissimilarities of the formal policing system of different countries. The aim of this study, therefore, is to analyze the development process of the various policing system and also to identify a common pattern for these developments. This study also aims at recommending some strategies for making the policing system of Bangladesh more effective analyzing the patterns of the historical context of American, English, Swedish, and Japanese policing system, arguing that the process of development of police force is almost same all over the world. For conducting this study, various secondary sources have been used generously and for analyzing the data different flow charts and tables have been used. This study thereby concludes that Japanese policing can be the model which fits with Bangladeshi policing system. This study also recommends to follow the way Japan developed its community policing environment being the perimeter of a centralized policing system.

Keywords: Policing, model, community, citizen oversight, centralization

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ISSN (Paper)2224-3240 ISSN (Online)2224-3259

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