Illegal Fishing Eradication: Comparative Study of Indonesia and Malaysia

Muhammad Yusuf, Abd Razak, Muhadar ., M. Said Karim


Practice of illegal fishing is an obstacle in the practice of countries. Indonesia with a sea area of more than 5 million km2 is not an easy thing to overcome. Fisheries crimes or illegal fishing as a violation of the law of the seas is a serious threat because of the potential damage to the state’s economy. Illegal fishing or fisheries crimes are considered a type of that garners international attention. The handling of illegal fishing cases in practice is not a stand-alone thing but relates to various aspects/factors. Some factors are substance of law and structure of law. The substance of law includes all regulation such as the Law of Fisheries, the Law of Ratifying of UNCLOS, and Indonesia Criminal Code. The structure of Law consists of the police (water and air police), the ministry of marine and fisheries, the NAVY, Bakamla, and lastly Task Force 115. In Malasyia perspective, the substance of law is in Fisheries Act 1985 No.137 and the structure of law is the Malaysian Maritime Enforcement Agency (MMEA) and Marine Police.

Keywords: Illegal Fishing; Eradication; Comparative Study.

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ISSN (Paper)2224-3240 ISSN (Online)2224-3259

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