Media Influence on Terrorism: Analysis of Boko Haram as a Product of Postmodernism

Bello Ibrahim, Jamilu Ibrahim Mukhtar


As products of post-modernity, mass media remain twofold phenomena. They can be used as instruments for good projects and, to some, for evil activities. This paper discussed the above assertion by evaluating the role of the media in fostering globalization process, showing the inevitability of information and communication technology in the post-modern era. Media is necessary for global politics to thrive, especially the global yearning for democratization; for international economy to become more robust; and for peace to be achieved. But the obverse aspect of the media showed that, the media of communication and their related technologies constitute avenue for terrorist groups to spread propaganda for manipulating public perception of their activities; justify their cause; form forums for group chats, and invite as well as recruit gullible youth or potential followers. The modern ICT also provides shortcut to criminal victimization; it facilitates e-crime and e-terrorism.  With special reference to “Boko Haram” of Northeastern Nigeria, the paper concluded that, use of media outlets by terrorist organizations is revealing the reality of “risk” associated with post-modernity. Governments and transnational institutions shall therefore make media one of counterterrorism tools by spreading peace messages, and equip security organizations with skills of fighting media-related terrorism.  

Keywords: Boko Haram, mass media, media, post-modernity, terrorism.

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ISSN (Paper)2224-3240 ISSN (Online)2224-3259

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