The Legal Framework for the Protection of Wetlands in Nigeria

Maureen Ngozi Agbasi, Ngozi Oluchukwu Odiaka


Traditionally, wetlands have been viewed as places to be avoided and dreaded or as a breeding ground for mosquitoes, diseases and sources of air pollution. But times have changed. Various roles have now been attributed to wetlands which have succeeded in elevating those to popular venues not only of recreation, but also being economic power houses. Wetlands are described as  “areas of marsh, fen, wetland or water, whether natural or artificial, permanent or temporary, with water that is static or flowing, fresh, brackish or salt, including areas of marine water the depth of which at low tide does not exceed  six metres. The purpose of this paper is to examine the existing legal framework for the protection of wetlands in Nigeria with a view to identifying gaps and deficiencies in the laws. The paper notes that the existing legislations are inadequate. Recommendations will also be made for possible rules that can be accommodated in future to ensure a vibrant legal framework for ensuring a healthy and sustainable use of wetlands in Nigeria.

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ISSN (Paper)2224-3240 ISSN (Online)2224-3259

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