Evaluation of Gentamicin's Antimicrobial Resistance Pattern Against Uropathogens in a Tertiary Health Care Center in Dhaka City, Bangladesh

Mohammad Asaduzzaman, Farha Matin Juliana, Ariful Islam, Ashok Kumar, Md. Abu Jafor, Md. Ebadat Hosen, Md. Jhaangir Alam, Nazmul Hossain, Biswajit Das, Nazia Rifat Zaman, Lubatul Arbia, Tasneem Ehsan, Azmal Morshed, Salim Reza Bappy


Treatment of UTI patients with aminoglycosides is a familiar incidence. Resistance of antibiotics is also a familiar incidence but it is alarming when it goes to a high ratio. The vital public health problem in developing country like Bangladesh is resistance of antibiotics to different types of bacteria causing UTI and the rates of these bacterial resistances are changing for various antibiotic therapy. Our aim was to assess the susceptible pattern of Gentamicin a drug of Aminoglycosides group against uropathogens. A total of 12943 urine samples were collected in 2016 (Jan-Dec) and out of which 1236 (9.55%) were bacteriologically positive out of these isolated  95.1% were gram negative and 4.9% gram positive organism. Male were found more prone to get UTI under 10 years and between 51-90 years of age and female were more affected in 10 to 50 years and over 90 years of age group. E. coli was the most prevalent (83.9%) isolate followed by Klebsiella spp. (6.7%), Staphylococcus aureus (2.6%), Pseudomonas spp. (2.2%), Enterococcus spp. (2.0%) and Proteus spp. (1.1%). The most predominant organism Acinetobacter spp. (100%) were found sensitive to Gentamicin in both male and female patients and Enterococcus spp. in male (62.5%) and female (58.8%) were found resistant.  Around 37.4% male and 32.5% female were found resistant to E.coli.

Keywords: Gentamicin, Aminoglycosides, UTI, Resistance, Uropathogen.

DOI: 10.7176/JHMN/67-08

Publication date:October 31st 2019

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ISSN 2422-8419

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