Assessment of Nurses Knowledge and Protective Measurement Regarding Ebola in Kirkuk City Hospital

Hussein Ali Mohammed


Background: Ebola, already known as Ebola hemorrhagic fever, is an extreme, frequently deadly infection in people and nonhuman primates, (for example, monkeys, gorillas, and chimpanzees).

Aim of study: The aim the current study is to assess the nurses' knowledge and protective measurement regarding Ebola viruses.

Methodology: Quantitative design (descriptive study) was conducted with nurses who provide direct nursing care in Kirkuk city hospitals including "Azadi Teaching Hospital"  "Kirkuk General Hospital" and "Pediatric Hospital". The period of the study was carried out from the 15th March 2016 to 22 of November 2016. A nonprobability (purposive) sample was selected, it consisted of 150 nurses, whereas 50 nurses were taken from each hospital. A questionnaire was produced for the purpose of study and based on related literature review. The overall questions included (63) items it was comprised of (5) parts: part (1) Socio demographic characteristics; part (2) Knowledge of nurses regarding general information about Ebola virus diseases; part (3) Knowledge of nurses concerning the methods transmission of Ebola ; part (4) Knowledge of nurses regarding investigation , Sign and Symptoms ; part (5) Nurses knowledge concerning Treatment & Nursing Care of ebola patients. By using the scale (Yes=2),(No=1), data were investigated through the application of descriptive statistical analysis "frequency" and "percentage"

Results: findings the study indicated (27.3%) of sample from Age group were (20-25) year's old, (64%) were male, (44.7%) were Medical institutes graduated, (69.3%) were married, and (38.0%) of the nurses worked for (1-5) years at hospital.

Conclusion: The nurse's knowledge were inadequate regarding general information about Ebola virus. While there Knowledge regarding treatment & nursing care of patients were adequate.

Recommendations: Educational programs should be designee  to the nurses to increase knowledge about general information about ebola viruses disease also about etiology, signs and symptom and treatment of ebola.

Keywords: Ebola virus disease, Knowledge, Guinea.

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