Estimation of Diffuse Solar Radiation in the South of Cameroon

Theophile Lealea, Rene Tchinda


Abstract The successful design and effective utilization of solar energy systems and devices for application in various facets of human endeavors, such as power and water supply for industrial, agricultural and domestic uses, largely depend on the availability of information on solar radiation characteristic of the location in which the system and devices should be situated. This study proposes a mono-variable model of monthly mean daily diffuse solar radiation on horizontal surfaces for some cities between 2°N and 5°N  of Cameroon (Bertoua, Yokadouma, Yaoundé, Kribi, Kumba). The estimation was based on a correlation between clearance index and diffuse to global solar radiation ratio and was computed using monthly mean daily data set for global solar radiation on horizontal surfaces. The predictive efficiency of the proposed model was compared with the observed values and those believed to be universally applicable. The results suggest that the existing methods could be replaced by the developed model for a diffuse solar radiation data generation scheme.

Keywords: clearness index, diffuse fraction, MBE, RSME, t-statistic.

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ISSN (Paper)2224-3232 ISSN (Online)2225-0573

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