Transportation and Air Pollution in Calabar Metropolis, Cross River State, Nigeria

Egbonyi, Etuki Eborty, Omoogun, Remi M., Ivi, Elijah Eghong


This study analyzed transportation and air pollution in Calabar metropolis, Cross River State, Nigeria. Two research questions were formulated to examine the contribution of vehicle status and maintenance to air pollution in Calabar metropolis. The ex-post facto research design was adopted. The study population was the number of registered vehicle owners in 2018 which was put at 1,860. While the study sample was 186 which represents 10% of the total population. A questionnaire was used to collect data from respondents about their vehicle status and maintenance culture and their contributions to the production of air pollutants. Data collected was analyzed using mean rating with a mean cut off point of 2.5 for positive responses. The finding revealed a polled mean of 2.56 for the first cluster which indicated a low status of vehicle for transportation and a pooled mean of 2.74 for the second cluster which indicated poor vehicle maintenance culture. It was therefore concluded that transporters in Calabar metropolis have low status of vehicle and poor vehicle maintenance culture and these contribute to emission of air pollutants in Calabar metropolis. It was therefore recommended that good standard (status) of vehicles should be used for transportation. Transporters in Calabar metropolis should be advised by relevant authorities to practice good vehicle maintenance culture in order to reduce the emission of air pollutants that contributes to air pollution.

Keywords: Transportation, Air Pollution, Vehicle Status, and Vehicle Maintenance Culture

DOI: 10.7176/JETP/9-6-03

Publication date: August 31st 2019

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ISSN (Paper)2224-3232 ISSN (Online)2225-0573

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