Sediment Deposition in Nigeria Reservoirs: Impacts and Control Measures

C. N. Ezugwu


This work examines the issue of sediment deposition in reservoirs. As death is an inevitable end for humans, so is siltation an inevitable end for reservoirs. Sediment content of river inflows into reservoirs depletes the available storage capacity thereby reducing the benefits such as domestic and industrial water supplies, hydro power generation, irrigation, navigation, fish and wild life, sanitation and recreation, flood control, ground water recharge, etc. Sediment distribution pattern of the reservoir was examined. Factors affecting siltation in reservoirs were also captured. Impacts of reservoirs on the environment and our health were discussed.  Different methods of controlling silting in reservoirs were examined. It was recommended that there should be periodic monitoring of sedimentation in our reservoirs to prolong the life of the reservoirs and sustain their benefits.

Keywords: sediment deposition, storage capacity, reservoir life.

Full Text: PDF
Download the IISTE publication guideline!

To list your conference here. Please contact the administrator of this platform.

Paper submission email:

ISSN (Paper)2222-1727 ISSN (Online)2222-2871

1Please add our address "" into your email contact list.

This journal follows ISO 9001 management standard and licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.

Copyright ©