The Effect of Valies on People of West of Iran During Qajar Government

Ebrahim yaghobi


Iran is an Asian country that majority of historians believed that it is one of the oldest areas. The western part of this area is mountains of Zagros that have appropriate soil and weather and are strategic places. After entering Aries and forming government, the Ilam area was always an important area. During entering of Islam to Iran, this area had not independent government till 6th century and after that the Ilam area was a part of governemt of Atabakan Lorand during Safavieh regimen, king Abbas removed Atabakan and remodfied political divisions of country and appointed Hossein Khan seleh varzi as satrap of Lorestan. So the present research studies the political conditions of satraps of Poshtkooh. The research method in the present study is descriptive and data were collected by librarian method and in some validate references such as Internet, books, conferences and so on. The results of the study indicated that Social customs in traditional society of Poshtkooh were based on familiarity that was among satraps and their families. In this system, identity, right and responsibilities and also social rank of people were determined.

Keywords: Straps, Poshtkooh, Pishkooh, Ilam, Lorestan .Hassan Khan Vali was one of the servants to Shahverdi Khan, the last ruler of Atabakan of Lorestan.  He died at age 90 in 1255 AH during Fath Ali Shah era.  He was buried in Keshik Khaneh, in Najaf Ashraf.Qajar historiographers and foreign reporters, including travelers and adventurists who had traveled to Poshtkooh during Nasser al-Din Shah Era and later, had explicitly written about Hussein Gholi Khan's bravery, heroism, and authority.  He earned the title of Aboo Ghaddareh for his harsh suppression of rebellious and unruly Seqvand tribes, who had looted Dezfool, and his continued conflict with Bani Lam Arabs, who were Ottoman citizens and crossed borders in aggression.

After death of Hussein Gholi Khan, his son Gholam Reza Khan became Vali.  He had received Fath al-Sultan title after his father's suppression of rebellious tribes.  He later took the title of Sarem al-Sultan.  Gholam Reza took his money and jewelry, moved to Iraq, and settled in Bagdad during Reza Shah Pahlavi era.

Gholam Reza moiled over returning to Iran in 1308.  He was even granted respite.  However, Gholam Reza Khan changed his mind about returning after Anvar Lorestan chiefs were hanged in Khorram Abad by Major General Agha Khan Khazaiee upon their return to Iran in spite of respite granted by Iranian authorities with a pledge not to be harmed.

Keywords: Poshtkooh Valian, Valigari, Hassan Khan, Heidar Khan, Hussein Khan, Aboo Ghadareh, Gholam Reza Khan

Full Text: PDF
Download the IISTE publication guideline!

To list your conference here. Please contact the administrator of this platform.

Paper submission email:

ISSN (Paper)2224-3178 ISSN (Online)2225-0964

Please add our address "" into your email contact list.

This journal follows ISO 9001 management standard and licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.

Copyright ©