Antimicrobial Activity of Essential Oil Extracted from Matriacira Chamomilla

Loubaba Gali


The essential oil has been extracted from the aerial parts of matriacira chamomilla from Asteraceae family collected in west of Homs in Syria by hydro-distillation using Clavenger type apparatus. The composition, the qualitative and quantitative analysis of the essential oil was achieved and characterized by means of GC-MS and comparing with the references in the literature. The analysis of the essential oil was permit to identify 17compounds.  The major component were Bis-abolol oxide A (2.21%), α-Farnesene (0.18%), Spathulenol (0.15%), Camazulene (1.69%),  Ocimene (0.29%). The antimicrobial activity of the essential oil with different concentrations (500µml-1000 µml) against the isolated bacteria extracted from the acne have been studied. The essential oil exhibits primary antimicrobial activity against staphylococcus aureus with (100% of essential oil).

Keywords:Asteraceae,, Matricaria chamomilla, hydrodistillation, Clavenger, essential oil, GC-MS, antimicrobial activity, staphylococcus aureus


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ISSN (Paper)2224-7467 ISSN (Online)2225-0913

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