Gambus Ensemble and Zapin as Identity of Malay Arts in Riau

Yunaidi ., Firdaus ., M. Arif Anas, Suryanti ., Ali Sukri


Gambus and Zapin are art forms that have thrived within the Riau Malay community. The Gambus is characterized as a musical ensemble, while Zapin manifests as a dance form, often accompanied by musical elements. Both arts have their origins in the cultural influences of the Arab world, linked to trade and the spread of Islam. Over time, Gambus and Zapin have evolved alongside traditional Malay arts, transitioning into forms that range from traditional to creative and modern, and have become integral to the artistic identity of the Riau Malay society. This article explores the roles and presence of both Gambus and Zapin within the Riau community. The study gathers data through field studies and literature reviews using qualitative research methods. The findings reveal that the Gambus ensemble and Zapin dance have become potent symbols of identity for the Riau Malay population.

Keywords: Gambus, Zapin, identity, Riau Malay arts

DOI: 10.7176/ADS/109-04

Publication date: January 31st 2024

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