Behaviour and Interaction of Autism Children with Interior Design Aspect at Therapy Room

Kharista Astrini Sakya, Imam Santosa, Andar Bagus, Indun Lestari


A room should be appropriate to the behavior that is owned by its users. In this field, an interior designer should be able to make sufficient room for the user as well as the activities undertaken in room. Intrinsically for normal users or who have special needs, for example is autism. The case of the birth of children with autism from year to year was increase. Now governments are increasingly concerned with the existence of such cases so that the target to build thousands of special schools with autism in Indonesia. This study aims to investigate further the behavior of children with autism in the therapy room so this research can knowing the frequency of the lowest and the highest behavior of children with autism and the distraction of interaction between children and aspects of interior design that happens to be an autism child can make the process of therapy with more leverage. The method used is qualitative by observation in the field of children with autism (n = 9) the category of low, middle and high function of age 3-12 years who are conducting behavioral therapy and noted the response and behavior of the child with one case study in Bandung. At the end of this study resulted in a conclusion that the most high frequency current behavior of autistic children in the therapy room is seeing a therapist's eyes and the lowest frequency is playing lip and scratched his forehead. Meanwhile, most children with autism are get distraction when interacting with the aspect of the interior design is the floor (like stomping to the mat, saw a mattress on the floor) and sound (such as pat of objects and listen to the sound, covering the ears).

Keywords : behaviour, autism, interior design, therapy, room

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ISSN (Paper)2224-610X ISSN (Online)2225-0603

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