Impact of Education on Fish Farming in West Bengal: A Study Report

Bairagya Ramsundar

Abstract


The present study bears the relevance of water resource management and effective utilization of the scarce water resources in the field of pisciculture in a sustainable manner. The demand for fresh water rises many-fold due to rise in population, irrigation, urbanization, for drinking and domestic use, municipal water supply, unlimited withdrawal of ground water, less water recharge, fall in rainfall due to global warming and pollution, misuse in nuclear reactor etc. As a result the crisis of water becomes acute not only in India but also in the World. So the efficient utilization of this scarce resource through pisciculture in a sustainable manner gained priority. Multipurpose use of this scarce resource is essential to save the human society and protect the environment. Though India was blessed with vast inland natural water resources but Indian Economy faces the problem of proper utilization of these huge water resources spread over its vast stretches of land. A proper policy for utilization of these resources would become a governing direction of economic growth. The role of fisheries in the country's economic development is very important. It generates employment, reduces poverty, generates income, increases food supply and maintains ecological balance between flora and fauna. The small-scale fish farming requires less capital and more labour that is not so skilled. The woman workers may easily be engaged in fish farming and generate income. Effective basic education of the fishermen is needed to adopt the modern scientific methods of pisciculture to raise fish production.

Keywords: Composite Fish Culture, Education, Growth, High Yielding Variety, Project, Productivity, Small-scale


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